Universal antenna types are the ones which design is being used for many bands (all antennas with different proportions can be used for all the bands, but there is the question of practicality). They are well tested and mostly quite old designs, well before computer simulation. However, they are still widely in use today, and that trend will continue. In this section we will explore simple dipole antenna and its variations, monopole, Yagi, Biquad, 3D corner and a bit more exotic HB9CV antenna.

dipole inverted V delta loop  ground plane antenna  vertical monopole antenna  yagi folded dipole
2-element yagi  universal hb9cv  universal biquad antenna  universal 3d corner

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